Towing Tank for Manoeuvres in Shallow Water

Main dimensions 

  • Total length    174.0 m

  • Effective length (8 m ship model)    134.0 m

  • Width    20.0 m

  • Maximum water depth    1.0 m

  • Length of ship models    3.5 to 8.0 m

Carriage 

The functionalities of the shallow water towing tank are based on the experience gained over 25 years of shallow water towing tank testing at FHR. Like the confined towing tank in Antwerp, the new carriage will be fully automated to enable 24/7 testing. Automated testing is important since a large number of parametric variations are necessary to gather enough data to build an accurate mathematical model of the ship behaviour, especially when covering harbour manoeuvres in shallow or confined water. Fully automated testing requires machinery with a very high degree of reliability and a very high safety standard. Safe zones for witnessing tests on and off the carriage will be created to allow researchers and clients to approach the ship models during tests and provide ample video registration. 
The kinematics of the carriage allow for shallow water manoeuvring testing with ship models of displacement cargo vessels, such as bulk carriers, tankers or container vessels. In the beginning a 4 DOF steering system will be deployed, allowing the ship model to freely heave and pitch.

Wave generator 

A wave generation mechanism is foreseen at the end of the tank. A wave damping mechanism has to be installed both behind and in front of the wave maker, the latter only when the wave maker is not operated. At present a piston type wave maker with segmented flaps covering the entire water depth (1.25 m) is planned. 

Unique feature

As a unique feature, the Towing Tank for Manoeuvres in Shallow Water will also have an observation tunnel to investigate the flow between the keel of the ship and the bottom. The flow between the ship and the tank walls can be visualized with side windows at discrete positions along the tank.